Tipon is one of the most captivating archaeological sites in Peru and reflects how amazing and inspiring were the achievements of the Inca Empire; whose original name was Muyna in reference to the lagoon of Huacarpay, that was an important settlement.
It is located near Oropesa in the Community of Choquepata, 27 km. to the southeast of Cusco, in Peru, covers an area of 239 hectares, in an altitudinal strip that goes of 3250 m.s.n.m. up to 3960 m.s.n.m.
During the Inca period it played a significant role as a ceremonial, administrative and religious center.
The archaeological park of Tipon stands out for its unique hydraulic engineering, its ceremonial sources (where water worship was worshiped), the succession of 12 agricultural terraces with imposing retaining walls that vary in extent according to the topography of the land, and a large defense wall that surrounds the complex and has an approximate length of 5 kilometers.
Tipon is a sample of technological development in the field of hydraulic engineering and soil conservation.
The builders of Tipon designed a vast network of underground channels, of more than 2.8 kilometers, that allowed them to distribute the water throughout the settlement, used different slopes, width and depth of the channels to control the speed of water, distribute its fall and used the inclination of the walls to diminish their erosion on the stone. The channel system of the Archaeological Park of Tipón begins in a main source that is located in the platform number 11 and has seven subterranean channels that pour water in several directions. From the Ceremonial Source begins the main channel that is divided into two channels to provide water to the ornamental fountains and adjacent cultivation areas.
At present, 95% of its hydraulic system remains in operation.
Tipón is included as one of the 16 most important archaeological visits for tourists visiting this area.